SINTANG, insidepontianak.com – The Sintang District Education and Culture Office held an International Textile Seminar at the Pancasila Building, Thursday (10/24/2019).
The International Seminar was held in commemoration of the Kapuas Museum Anniversary and Indonesian Museum Day. The seminar with the theme “The Role and Function of Textiles or Weaving in Various Community Groups” was attended by a number of speakers from various countries.
Among the speakers who were present were Itie Van Hout (Dutch), Mohd Ardhih Bin Pidih (Sabah-Malaysia), Joanna Datuk Kitingan (Sabah-Malaysia) and Sugiman Karyareja (Indonesia).
The seminar was also attended by weavers from various regions in West Kalimantan. Such as from the districts of Melawi, Kayong Utara, and Sintang.
The subject of the seminar was the process of making woven fabrics using natural materials. Then create a patterned woven cloth typical of the region.
Sintang Regency still maintains the production of woven fabrics which are mainly carried out by mothers in the Longsa Ensaid Longhouse. Weaving activities are included in the characteristics of the ancestors.
Woven fabrics are usually worn at traditional ceremonies or when receiving honored guests.
Speaker Itie Van Hout from the Netherlands said, Indonesia has a lot of crafts. Each region has its own characteristics.
“Here we focus on weaving. About how to process from raw materials to woven fabrics ready for use. Then it will be processed into vests, clothes, skirts or traditional clothes, “said Itie Van Hout.
He claimed to be interested in woven fabrics made by Sintang. The tools used are still simple but the results are amazing. “Very good. No less neat than fabrics made using machines, “said Itie Van Hout.
Sugiman Karyareja, a cloth observer, said that we used to make woven cloth naturally. The material used is obtained from the forest around the weavers’ dwellings.
“The fabrication of woven cloth starts from planting cotton, harvesting it, making it into yarn. Giving color to the yarn with natural ingredients processed from nature. When the yarn is ready, then the weaving process is carried out, “Sugiman said.
Natural dyes are taken from turmeric, noni root, areca nut, curved bark, and emperik. “Shredded turmeric then boiled. Woven cloth or yarn dipped in turmeric stew water. “
In addition, animal fat is also used to unite cloth fibers. Fat is usually taken from pigs, monitor lizards, chickens, and fish.